Looks basics within the PD people
NF, Myspace, KB and you will Pound angles inside the female and male customers with PD receive when you look at the Fig. dos. We learned that years (male: 66 ± 11 yrs old, female: 68 ± 8 yrs old), situation course (male: eight.8 ± 4.seven ages, female: 8.6 ± 5.4 years), HY phase (male: dos.8 ± 0.8, female: dos.seven ± 0.7) and you may Led (male: 501 ± 253 milligrams, female: 436 ± 233 mg) just weren’t rather some other ranging from sexes. NF angle for men (twenty-seven.6 ± 11.8) are rather greater than in women (22.nine ± fourteen.9) (p = 0.01). But not, almost every other bases were not somewhat different anywhere between men and women (FB: 5.cuatro ± 11.six and you will 2.dos ± six.eight, KB: 17.seven http://datingranking.net/de/judische-dating-sites/ ± seven.seven and you can 19.6 ± ten.2, LB: 2.eight ± step 3.nine and you will step three.5 ± step 3.4, respectively).
NF, FB, KB and LB angles in male and female PD patients. NF angle was significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.05), but FB, KB and LB angles showed no significant difference between males and females
Correlations between NF, Facebook, KB, Lb angles and you may systematic predictors (ages, problem cycle, HY phase and you can Contributed) are shown into the Desk step 1.
FB (r = 0.246, p < 0.01) and KB (r = 0.359, p < 0.001) angles increased significantly with advancing age. Further, NF (r = 0.197, p < 0.05) and FB (r = 0.196, p < 0.05) angles were significantly associated with disease duration. All the measured angles increased significantly with advancing HY stage: NF (r = 0.350, p < 0.001), FB (r = 0.492, p < 0.001), KB (r = 0.381, p < 0.001) and LB (r = 0.213, p < 0.05). Finally, there was a significant association between LED and FB (r = 0.243, p < 0.01), but not the other angles. DDA showed no significant relationship with any of the measured angles. Mean values of LED and DDA were 472 ± 248 mg/day and 123 ± 120 mg/day, respectively.
Multiple regression analysis was performed to assess the relationships among these four predictors as explanatory variables and each angle as a categorical response variable. HY stage was the most explanatory variable for NF (partial regression coefficient (B) = 6.578, p < 0.001), FB (B = 5.976, p < 0.001) and KB (B = 5.614, p < 0.001), while LED was the most explanatory variable for LB (B = 0.004, p = 0.002).
Laterality off initially danger sign and Pound position
The partnership ranging from laterality of initially danger sign and Lb direction are checked out. For 59 customers, the first warning sign is actually off to the right side as well as for 43 clients, it absolutely was into kept (almost symmetrical 15, not familiar step 3). Flexing front (assistance out-of Pound perspective) wasn’t of section of the very first danger sign (Fig. 3).
The partnership ranging from laterality of very first danger sign and you can Lb direction. Flexing side (recommendations out-of Lb angle) wasn’t of section of the initially symptom
Shared matchmaking among measured basics
Table 2 shows the relationships among the measured angles. NF and KB (r = 0.275, p < 0.01), NF and LB (r = 0.250, p < 0.01), FB and KB (r = 0.335, p < 0.001), KB and LB (r = 0.225, p < 0.05) were significantly positively correlated.
We also examined the relationships among the measured angles separately by age or gender, and the results are shown in Tables 3 and 4. When subjects were divided into a younger group (age less than 70 years old; n = 57) and an older group (age over 70 years old; n = 63), significant correlations were found only in the older group, between NF and LB (r = 0.269, p < 0.05) and between FB and KB (r = 0.375, r < 0.01). As to gender, different trends were found in men (n = 66) and women (n = 54), but significant correlations were seen between NF and LB and between FB and KB in both sexes.